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4Q91 Psalmsj

Language: Hebrew

Date: About 50 A.D.

Location: Qumran Cave 4

Contents: Psalms 48:1-2,4,6,8; 49:5,8-11,14,16; 51:1-4 (Hebrew Psalms 48:1-3,5,7,9; 49:6, 9-12,15,17; 51:2-6)


Psalms 48

A Song. A Psalm by the sons of Korah.

1 Great is Yahweh, and greatly to be praised,

in the city of our God, in his holy mountain.

2 Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth,

is Mount Zion, on the north sides,

the city of the great King.


4 For, behold, the kings assembled themselves,

they passed by together.


Trembling took hold of them there,

pain, as of a woman in travail.


As we have heard, so we have seen,

in the city of Yahweh of Armies, in the city of our God.

God will establish it forever.



Psalms 49

5 Why should I fear in the days of evil,

when iniquity at my heels surrounds me?


8 For the redemption of their life is costly,

no payment is ever enough,

9 that he should live on forever,

that he should not see corruption.

10 For he sees that wise men die;

likewise the fool and the senseless perish,

and leave their wealth to others.

11 Their inward thought is that their houses will endure forever,

and their dwelling places to all generations.

They name their lands after themselves.


14 They are appointed as a flock for Sheol.

Death shall be their shepherd.

The upright shall have dominion over them in the morning.

Their beauty shall decay in Sheol,

far from their mansion.


16 Don’t be afraid when a man is made rich,

when the glory of his house is increased;


Psalms 51

For the Chief Musician. A Psalm by David, when Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.

1 Have mercy on me, God, according to your loving kindness.

According to the multitude of your tender mercies, blot out my transgressions.

2 Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity.

Cleanse me from my sin.

3 For I know my transgressions.

My sin is constantly before me.

4 Against you, and you only, I have sinned,

and done that which is evil in your sight;

that you may be proved right when you speak,

and justified when you judge.



How to read these pages:

•      The translation to the left is based on the World English Bible. Words in regular black font are words in the scrolls matching the traditional text for that passage.

•      Words in italics cannot be seen in the scroll, since the scroll is fragmentary. These words are supplied for readability by the World English Bible translation.

•      Words present in the scroll but with some letters unreadable or missing are in blue like this: blue. One Hebrew word often is translated into multiple English words, and when this occurs, all the English words are in blue.

•      Words present in the scroll but with spelling differences that do not affect the meaning are in green like this: green. This is common in Hebrew.

•      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the traditional text that are missing from the text of the scroll are marked through in red like this: strike-through.

•      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the scroll that are not in the traditional text are underlined in red like this: new words.