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4Q88 Psalmsf

Language: Hebrew

Date: 100-25 B.C.

Location: Qumran Cave 4

Contents: Psalms 22:13-16 (Hebrew 22:14-17); 107:2-5, 8-16, 18-19, 22-30, 35-42, 109:4-7, 24-28, followed by non-canonical Psalms “Apostrophe to Zion,” “Eschatological Hymn” and “Apostrophe to Judah”

 

Psalms 22

13 They open their mouths wide against me,

lions tearing prey and roaring.

14 I am poured out like water.

All my bones are out of joint.

My heart is like wax;

it is melted within me.

15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd.

My tongue sticks to the roof of melts in my mouth.

You have brought me into the dust of death.

16 For dogs have surrounded me.

A company of evildoers have enclosed me.

They have pierced[1] my hands and feet.

[..]

Psalms 107

2 Let the redeemed by Yahweh say so,

whom he has redeemed from the hand of the adversary,

And gathered out of the lands,

from the east and from the west,

from the north and from the south.

 

They wandered in the wilderness in a desert way.

They found no city to live in.

5 Hungry and thirsty,

their soul fainted in them.

[..]

Let them praise Yahweh for his loving kindness,

for his wonderful deeds to the children of men!

 

For he satisfies the longing hungry soul.

He fills the hungry longing soul with good.

 

10 Some sat in darkness and in the shadow of death,

being bound in affliction and iron,

11 because They themselves rebelled against the words of God,

and condemned the counsel of the Most High.

12 Therefore he brought down their heart with labor.

They fell down, and there was no one to help.

13 Then they cried to Yahweh in their trouble,

and he saved them out of their distresses.

14 And he brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death,

and broke away their chains.

15 Let them Praise Yahweh for his loving kindness,

for his wonderful deeds to the children of men!

 

16 For he has broken the gates of brass,

and cut through bars of iron.

[..]

18 Their soul abhors all kinds of food.

They draw near to the gates of death.

19 Then they cry to Yahweh in their trouble,

he saves them out of their distresses.

[..]

22 Let them offer the sacrifices of thanksgiving,

and declare his deeds with singing.

 

23 Those who go down to the sea in ships,

who do business in great waters;

24 These see Yahweh’s deeds,

and Let them give thanks for his wonders in the deep.

25 For he commands, and raises the stormy wind,

which lifts up its waves.

26 They mount up to the sky; they go down again to the depths.

And their soul melts away because of trouble in them.

27 And they reel back and forth, and stagger like a drunken man,

and are at their wits’ end.

28 Then they cry to Yahweh in their trouble,

and he brings saves them out of their distress.

29 He makes the storm a calm,

so that its waves of the sea are still.

30 Then they are glad because it is calm,

So he brings them to their desired haven.

Then they are glad because it is calm.

[..]

35 He turns a desert into a pool of water,

and a dry land into water springs fountains.

36 There he makes the hungry many people live,

that they may prepare a city cities to live in,

37 sow fields, plant vineyards,

and reap the fruits of increase.

38 He blesses them also, so that they are multiplied greatly.

He doesn’t allow their livestock to decrease.

39 Again, They are diminished and bowed down

through oppression, trouble, and sorrow.

40 He pours contempt on princes,

and causes them to wander in a trackless waste.

41 Yet he lifts the needy out of their affliction,

and on his account increases their families like a flock.

42 The upright will see it, and be glad.

All the wicked - he will shut their mouths.

[..]

Psalm 109

4 In return for my love, they are my adversaries;

but I am in prayer.

They have rewarded me evil for good,

and hatred for my love.

6 Set a wicked man over him.

Let an adversary stand at his right hand.

7 When he is judged, let him come out guilty.

Let his prayer be turned into sin.

[..]

24 My knees are weak through fasting.

My body is thin and lacks fat.

25 I have also become a reproach to them.

When they see me, they shake their head.

26 Help me, Yahweh, my God.

Save me according to your loving kindness;

27 that they may know that this is your hand;

that you, Yahweh, have done it.

28 They may curse, but you bless.

When they arise, they will be shamed,

but your servant shall rejoice. [2]

 



[1] Some MT manuscripts read “like a lion” rather than “they have pierced.”

[2] At this point the scroll continues with the non-canonical psalms “Apostrophe to Zion,” “Eschatological Hymn,” and “Apostrophe to Judah.” Translations of these non-canonical psalms are available online.

How to read these pages:

      The translation to the left is based on the World English Bible. Words in regular black font are words in the scrolls matching the traditional text for that passage.

      Words in italics cannot be seen in the scroll, since the scroll is fragmentary. These words are supplied for readability by the World English Bible translation.

      Words present in the scroll but with some letters unreadable or missing are in blue like this: blue. One Hebrew word often is translated into multiple English words, and when this occurs, all the English words are in blue.

      Words present in the scroll but with spelling differences that do not affect the meaning are in green like this: green. This is common in Hebrew.

      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the traditional text that are missing from the text of the scroll are marked through in red like this: strike-through.

      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the scroll that are not in the traditional text are underlined in red like this: new words.