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4Q44 Deuteronomyq

Language: Hebrew

Date: 50-1 B.C.

Location: Qumran Cave 4

Contents: Deuteronomy 32:9-10, 37-43

Comments: This scroll appears to be a Vorlage – the Hebrew source of the LXX, since the differences from the traditional text agree with the LXX.

 

Deuteronomy 32

9 For Yahweh’s portion is his people.

Jacob is the lot of his inheritance.

10 He found him in a desert land,

in the waste howling wilderness.

He surrounded him.

He cared for him.

He kept him as the apple of his eye.

[..]

37 He Yahweh will say, “Where are their gods,

the rock in which they took refuge;

38 which ate the fat of their sacrifices,

and drank the wine of their drink offering?

Let them rise up and help you!

Let them be your protection.

39 “See now that I myself am he.

There is no god with me.

I kill and I make alive.

I wound and I heal.

There is no one who can deliver out of my hand.

40 For I lift up my hand to heaven and declare,

as I live forever,

41 if I sharpen my glittering sword,

my hand grasps it in judgment;

I will take vengeance on my adversaries,

and will repay those who hate me.

42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood.

My sword shall devour flesh with the blood of the slain and the captives,

And from the head of the leaders of the enemy.”

43 Rejoice, you nations heavens, with his people,

and bow down to him, all gods,

for he will avenge the blood of his servants sons.

He will take vengeance on his adversaries,

And avenge those who hate him,

and will make atonement for his land and for his people.

 

How to read these pages:

•      The translation to the left is based on the World English Bible. Words in regular black font are words in the scrolls matching the traditional text for that passage.

•      Words in italics cannot be seen in the scroll, since the scroll is fragmentary. These words are supplied for readability by the World English Bible translation.

•      Words present in the scroll but with some letters unreadable or missing are in blue like this: blue. One Hebrew word often is translated into multiple English words, and when this occurs, all the English words are in blue.

•      Words present in the scroll but with spelling differences that do not affect the meaning are in green like this: green. This is common in Hebrew.

•      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the traditional text that are missing from the text of the scroll are marked through in red like this: strike-through.

•      If the scroll is different from the traditional text, words in the scroll that are not in the traditional text are underlined in red like this: new words.